National Park is situated on the foothills of the Himalayas and
a part of it extends to Bhutan. It was declared a sanctuary on
October 01, 1928 and was designated a World Heritage site in
December 1985. The sanctuary is home to
a great variety of wildlife, including tiger, Golden Langur,
Wild Buffalo, Hispid Hare, Pigmy Hog, Capped Langur, Indian
one-horned Rhinoceros, Elephant, Gaur, Hog Deer, etc.
Manas known for its Project Tigers, Rhinos & Elephants, and is
Assam's one of the two Tiger projects. The scenic beauty and
rare wealth of wild life combine with this unique world heritage
site to offer one of the most enthralling experiences.
tract of Brahmaputra Valley came under the occupation of the
British East India Company following the “Yandaboo” treaty in
1826 A.D. At that time forest department in ASSAM was not
constituted. The petty Revenue officers only levied some taxes
on various forest products in an un organized manner. As a
corrective measure 1850 A.D. The collector of Kamrup suggested
to the commissioner of ASSAM. That a tax should be levied on
timber felled instead of letting the timber trade remain un
control and leaving the ordinary fixed officers ton levy the
unauthorized ceases as they were in the habitat of doing at that
The tax proposed was 2 ˝ annas for each. In addition the
collector also proposed to establish at the same time a check on
the felling of young as to ensure natural reproduction of
Forest. During 1852 the board of revenue replaced this system
and introduced that of farming certain area of tracks to the
highest bidder for a period of not exceeding 5 years at a time.
Restriction as a regards sizes were abolished leaving it for
future consideration and Thus, commercialization of Assam timber
A scheme of preparing a general forest map of the lower
provinces in Bengal was completed in 1868-69 as a prelude to the
appointment of the first Forest officer in Assam in the same
year. With his arrival, special examination with a view of
selecting forests( Reserves) was commenced in 1870-71 and
experimental timber and plantation works was started in the
provinces in the same year i.e. 1870-71.
Constitutions of Reserve Forests started around 1874-75. Thus
began the conservation history of Assam's wilderness.